Before each flight, the FAA requires the pilot in command of any aircraft to give a passenger safety briefing and inform the passengers of critical safety items and information prior to take off. Pilots of small aircraft are mandated by FAA regulation 14 CFR 91.107 to inform passengers of how to properly operate their seat belt, including how to latch and unlatch them, and the appropriate times to use the seat belt. Pilots of large or turbine-powered multi-engine aircraft must carry out a far more detailed brief in accordance with FAA 14 CFR 91.519 regulations. An easy way to remember the steps of this briefing is with the acronym SAFETY. This blog will explain each part of the SAFETY briefing and its details.

The ‘S’ is for seats, seat belts, and smoking. Per FAA regulations, an aircraft cannot take off until all passengers have been informed of how to latch and unlatch the seat belt and, when applicable, the shoulder harness. Passengers must also be briefed on when they must wear their seat belts, such as during taxi, take off, and landing. Additionally, passengers should be briefed on smoking, or lack thereof, on aircraft. Smoking, including the use of e-cigarettes, is banned on all commercial and most non-commercial flights.

The second letter of the acronym, ‘A,’ stands for air vents. An important part of the aircraft safety briefing includes instructing passengers how to operate the controls for air conditioning, outside air, and heat. Ventilation is an important aspect of passenger comfort, and will also help passengers who are dealing with airsickness. The air safety briefing should include information regarding the location of airsickness bags should passengers need them.

The ‘F’ in SAFETY stands for fire extinguisher. Awareness of the nearest fire extinguisher is critical, particularly if it is located next to a specific passenger. Passengers should not only be aware of the fire extinguisher’s location, but also understand how to operate it in case of emergency. Furthermore, passengers should be alerted of what to do in the event of a fire and how they should react. ‘E’ refers to exits, emergencies, and equipment. The location of emergency exit doors and evacuation procedures are perhaps the most important part of any safety briefing. On larger aircraft where there is more than one door, passengers should be instructed on which exit to use.

The ‘T’ stands for traffic and talking. This might come as a surprise, but passengers can be an incredibly useful tool in looking for air traffic. On smaller aircraft, their extra eyes and ears can spot things the pilot might not, so instruct them to speak up if they notice anything out of the ordinary. Additionally, passengers should know when the pilot's duties cannot be interrupted, such as during taxi, takeoff, approach, landing, and any time when the pilot is in radio contact with air traffic control. A general rule of thumb is to inform passengers that they should not distract crew members when flying below 10,000 feet.

Lastly, ‘Y’ stands for your questions. It is always a good idea to end a safety briefing with an opportunity for passengers to ask questions. This will provide passengers with the peace of mind knowing their concerns have been addressed. Ultimately, it is the pilot’s duty to ensure each passenger is safe and comfortable during flight.

At ASAP NSN Hub, owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, we can help you find all types of safety and survival equipment for the aerospace, civil aviation, and defense industries. For a quick and competitive quote, email us at or call us at 1-920-785-6790. Our team of dedicated account managers is standing by and will respond to you in 15 minutes or less.

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Rivets are an important fastening component for the assembly and structure of any aircraft. Rivets are metallic cylindrical shafts featuring a head and a tail, the latter being passed through a hole between components. When the tail is inserted into the hole, it is deformed with a pneumatic rivet gun to expand its diameter, creating a head on each side of the attached components and locking the rivet in place to permanently secure them together. Rivets are manufactured to meet specific grades for aircraft, just as many other components of aircraft are as well. 5056, 2117-T, 2024-T, 2017-T, and 1100 are all rivet grades that can be used on aircraft, and aluminum rivets prove to be the most popular. Copper rivets may be utilized too, but they are often reserved for leather or copper materials. With the benefits that rivets bring, many may still wonder why rivets are used instead of other fastening methods or equipment. In this blog, we will discuss some of the alternatives to rivets, and why riveting remains the most popular.

Welding is a process that has been around for a few millennia, with true welding being a utilized manufacturing process since the 1800’s. While welding is a very efficient way of conjoining metals, it lacks some of the benefits that riveting offers, such as easy inspection and maintenance. Inspecting riveting does not require any special tools or procedures, as simple visual inspection can spot any riveting that does not properly secure components together. Most aircraft nowadays are built from aluminum, which suffers from low heat tolerance. This causes aluminum to become weaker in heat, thus risking loss of welding integrity. Because rivets provide strong binding, they prove to be much more reliable and beneficial for aircraft manufacturers over welding components together.

Screws are a popular and simple helical threaded fastener that digs into a material when tightened to secure components of aircraft together. With their thread, pullout of the screw is prevented as it grips the sides of the component or material that it is installed into. Despite this, vibrations and heavy stressors can take their toll on screws, possibly loosening them over time which can be very detrimental for an aircraft in flight. Rivets, on the other hand, cannot be loosened as they fill the hole they are installed into and have a head on each side from the pneumatic rivet gun. Rivets are also more beneficial than screws because they are often lighter in weight.

Composites, such as carbon fiber, are constantly rising in popularity for use in the body and components of an aircraft. With the new Boeing Dreamliner, about half of the composition consists of carbon fiber. Carbon fiber is highly beneficial for aircraft construction, as it can be molded into many complex shapes, and has a much greater strength to weight ratio than materials such as steel. While riveting can work with composites, traditional aluminum rivets are not recommended due to aluminum weakening in carbon fiber. To avoid this, titanium rivets can be used, but still pose the problem of weakened composites through drilling.

With their many advantages over a variety of alternatives, rivets prove to be the most reliable and efficient way of securing aircraft components and structures together. At ASAP NSN Hub, owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, we can help you find rivets and other components of aircraft you need, new or obsolete. For a quick and competitive quote, email us at or call us at +1-920-785-6790.

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